• Blunt Trauma
Blunt trauma to the eye is an easy way to get a broken blood vessel in the eye. Blunt force trauma can be caused by a variety of different reasons. Athletes often get broken blood vessels in the eye when a ball hits them in the face resulting in damage to both the outer eye region as well as the blood vessels within the eye. Violence is, unfortunately, another cause of blunt trauma that can cause a broken blood vessel in the eye.
• Heavy Lifting
If you’re prone to heavy lifting or have recently lifted something heavy and have a broken vessel in the eye, this could easily be the cause. Moving boxes or lifting furniture can cause broken blood vessels. Those that lift too much weight when working out may also get a broken blood vessel in the eye.
• Shaken Baby Syndrome
Children that have broken blood vessels in the eye, more specifically both eyes, could be showing signs of physical abuse. Broken blood vessels in the eyes of children can be a result of the shaken baby syndrome and should be taken very seriously. If you suspect any form of abuse when a child has broken blood vessels in both eyes, the child should immediately be taken to a doctor.
Symptoms and Sings of Broken Blood Vessel in the Eye
For the most part there are no symptoms of a broken blood vessel in the eye. In most cases all you will notice is blood over one part of the white area in your eye. It is very rare that people experience any pain when this hemorrhage starts.
When the broken bloods vessel first starts, you might notice that the eye feels a little full. You’ll definitely be aware that something is different in the eye. As the broken blood vessel begins to heal there may be a bit of irritation as well. This is nothing too serious though, and all you will really feel is just general discomfort.
Symptoms of the broken blood vessel itself are pretty obvious. A broken blood vessel is a bright red area that is normally not there. Different than bloodshot eyes where there is a general redness of the entire area, the broken blood vessel is usually restricted to one area, but there are occasions where the entire white part of the eye may be covered with the hemorrhage. In the first 24 hours, the broken blood vessel will appear the largest. Once the first day is over, the broken blood vessel will slowly start to decrease as the blood becomes absorbed.
When to Visit the Ophthalmologist
If you are experiencing any pain with the broken blood vessel in your eye, you may want to take a trip to the ophthalmologist, otherwise known as the eye doctor. If your symptoms worsen or do not improve within a few days, this may be a sign of a more serious problem. If you’ve experienced blunt trauma to the eye or feel that there is something possibly lodged in the eye, you should definitely see a professional.
When you visit the ophthalmologist, the doctor will take your medical history. You’ll be asked about any medications and if you’ve had eye problems in the past. To take a diagnosis, the doctor will also ask what the nature of the broken blood vessel is. You will be asked of any events leading up to the broken eye vessel and may get your blood pressure taken.
If you’ve experienced any kind of trauma, a more thorough examination will probably be conducted. Following the examination, a complete diagnosis will be made. If there are more serious issues with the eye, you may be referred to a specialist. If there is no serious damage you will be discharged and the broken blood vessel should quickly run its course.
Treatment for Broken Blood Vessel in the Eye
For most cases of the broken blood vessel in the eye, no treatment is necessary, and no eye patch is required. You may want to get some artificial tears from the drugstore if you are feeling any irritation. This may help if the eyes are also dried out as well as irritated from the broken blood vessel. Eye drops are wonderful if you feel you need refreshment in the eyes, and will really help with any mild discomfort caused by broken blood vessels.
Under no circumstances should you take aspirin or any other type of medication that restrains blood clotting. If you’re taking an anticoagulant for another medical condition, you may want to inquire with your physician if it is wise to keep taking this when you’ve got a broken blood vessel. Although they can hinder the healing of a broken blood vessel, in some situations they are dangerous to your health to stop taking. It is a rare case where you will be asked to stop taking an anticoagulant for something as minor as a broken blood vessel.