Black spots on your skin aren’t normally a serious medical condition and some of them get cleared away even without treatment. Hardly anyone, however, likes living with black spots, especially when they occur in some highly visible places, like on the face or the neck.
There are many home remedies that may help you speed up the process of healing dark spots so that you can enjoy even-toned and younger-looking skin again. The first step is to find out what causes the dark spots on your skin and – if possible – eliminate that problem.
Why do I have black spots
Dark spots occur due to hyperpigmentation, which is caused by the inflated level of melanin, the hormone that is responsible for the color of your skin and for your tan. When the level of melanin is balanced in the skin and you expose your skin to the sun, your skin turns to gold or light brown.
However, if there are some abnormalities, the skin gets darker in certain areas where melanin accumulates. It may happen due to skin damage (e.g acne, burns or abrasive skin treatments), hormonal changes (e.g related to age, pregnancy, menopause, thyroid dysfunction or the use of contraceptive pills), excessive tanning or the use of photosensitizing drugs.
If your skin has a tendency for hyper-pigmentation, always inform your doctor about it when you get some medicines prescribed. If possible, he will choose an alternative that will not affect your skin.
Home Remedies for Black Spots
Depending on the reason that causes your dark spots, they may be a problem that affects only the superficial layers of your skin – in which case home treatment will be sufficient – or some deeper layers, which are more difficult to penetrate and will need more time to heal. In both cases, you can get visible results by trying some of these simple home remedies for dark spots.
When you exfoliate the skin, you remove the top layer of dead skin cells. If the discoloration has appeared only recently, chances are that it’s contained within the layers that are relatively easily accessible and exfoliation will give you some really good results.
You can prepare a homemade scrub by mixing one tablespoon of sugar with two tablespoons of olive oil. Apply the mixture to the dark spots on your skin and perform a gentle massage with circular motions. Sugar can be replaced with ground raw almonds or oats.
You can also consider buying an electric face brush that cleanses and exfoliates the skin through sonic vibrations. It’s gentle on the skin, cleanses and exfoliates it plus minimizes the pores significantly.
Citrus juice has been used for centuries to brighten the skin thanks to the fact that it contains a high level of vitamin C, which is a natural exfoliator. You can use the juice on its own by soaking a cotton bud in freshly squeezed lemon, lime or orange juice and dabbing it onto your skin. Leave it on for 20 minutes and rinse off with lukewarm water. For best results, repeat the treatment daily.
You can also make a face mask of two teaspoons of honey and the juice of half a lemon. Mix the ingredients well, put the mask on the skin and leave it on for 30 minutes. Honey nourishes the skin and leaves it soft and smooth. It’s also very gentle on your skin so you can use this mask as often as you wish.
If possible, choose organic products for your home skin treatments. This way you will avoid any potential toxins that non-organic fruits and honey might contain.
Papaya contains an enzyme called papain which helps remove dead skin cells, therefore, is a natural exfoliator. Papaya mask is very easy to make. All you need to do is peel half a small papaya, remove the seeds and mash it with a fork or blend it until it becomes a smooth paste.
Apply the mask to the dark spots or the whole face and leave it on for half an hour. Papaya contains a high level of vitamin E so it additionally stimulates skin regeneration. Rinse the mask off with warm water and apply a moisturizer to the treated area.
As mentioned above, vitamin E boosts the skin rejuvenation process. It works best when you combine vitamin E topical treatment with a diet rich in sunflower seeds, dried apricots, nuts, almonds, and peanuts. You can also buy vitamin E in capsules or vitamin E oil. Massage the oil onto the dark spots before bedtime and let it work overnight. This treatment gives a fast and long-lasting effect.
Everybody knows about the salutary effect aloe vera has on our skin. It soothes, nourishes and rejuvenates the skin as well as helps brighten the skin. You can either buy aloe vera gel in a drugstore or use aloe vera pulp straight from the plant. Break one leaf, squeeze the pulp out and apply it on the dark spots. You can leave it on for as long as you wish, but don’t rinse it off before 30 minutes.
Another home remedy that does wonders on your black spots is cucumber puree. Grate one cucumber, add one tablespoon of milk and a few drops of lime. Apply the puree on your skin and leave it on for 15-20 minutes, then rinse it off with lukewarm water. This mask exfoliates, rejuvenates and nourishes the skin and can be used on all kinds of skin.
If you have oily skin and suffer from dark spots, you should try to incorporate buttermilk in your skincare routine. Twice a week apply buttermilk on the dark spots, leave it on for 15 minutes, then rinse. The lactic acid from buttermilk removes dead skin cells and brightens the skin.