We all get bruises, as they develop, they change colors from purple to red or black. These colorful spots are caused as a result of an injury. When we hit our body into some hard objects, the small vessels which are under the skin get damaged and they start to bleed and that leads to the black-blue marks.
In the world of science bruises are known as contusion. They aren’t serious, but they look unattractive and sometimes they cause some pain. They form just a couple of minutes after a hit, but sometimes they need even two weeks before they disappear. However, there are many simple and natural ways which can help you to get rid of them much faster.
What Increases The Risk of Bruising
It is a known fact that some people get bruises more easily than the others. Sometimes it’s just the matter of genetics, but there are also some factors, which may increase the risk of getting a bruise.
It may sound surprising, but our diet is quite important as the vitamins and minerals from food make our blood vessels strong so they don’t bleed so easily. You should especially include in your diet food products rich in bioflavonoids such as green, leafy vegetables, garlic, onions, and berries. They will give strength to your blood capillaries.
Also, the older we get, the weaker our blood vessels become. Our skin is less elastic and it doesn’t protect us anymore so effectively and we start to bruise more easily.
If you exercise intensively, you can get bruises quickly as your blood vessels tear and burst when they are under high pressure.
There are also some commonly used drugs that may increase the risk of bruising. If you take aspirin or contraceptives on a regular basis, you blood vessels can be weakened or they might thin out your blood. Some popular supplements, such as fish oils or ginko, have similar properties.
Moreover, if your skin is damaged by the sun, it may become more sensitive and liable to bruises.
If you get bruises very often and you can’t explain what causes them, consult your doctor as it’s rarely a symptom of some more serious conditions such as hemophilia or leukemia.
The Best Home Remedies for Bruises
The following solutions to bruises are cheap and simple to follow. However, they turn out to be the most effective when you use them just after the hit, before the affected area of your skin starts to change colors.
Ice should be the first aid for your bruise as it will calm down the damaged blood vessels and they will stop bleeding. Just take a few ice cubes, wrap them in a clean cloth and apply them on your bruise for around ten minutes. Don’t keep the ice on a bruise longer than twenty minutes as it may cause further irritation.
If you don’t have an ice pack in your freezer, you can use a cotton cloth which was previously soaked in ice cold water. Put it on the affected area of your skin for around ten minutes. Do it a few times a day.
You can also use frozen food like vegetables, just wrap them in a clean cloth and put it on your bruise for a few minutes.
A good option is also to put a stainless steel spoon to a freezer for 15 minutes and after that time keep it on the bruise for a couple of minutes.
2. Hot Water
You can treat your bruise with hot water too. Just prepare a bottle filled with hot water and place it on the irritated area of your skin. If you feel that your bruise is swollen, try to use a cold compress first and then a hot one.
Hot water is generally good for bruised skin so you can also use a moist heat therapy by taking a hot bath, use Jacuzzi or place a towel, previously soaked in hot water, on your bruise.
The treatment with hot water will limit the blood clot and your blood won’t flow so fast to the tissues.
3. A Bandage
If we want to reduce the injured area of our skin quickly, we need to stop the leakage of blood in the tissues. Thus, the moment we notice a bruise on our body, we should put an elastic bandage on it.
As a result of this method, the bruise won’t spread and it will shorten the curing process. If you don’t have an elastic bandage, you can use a clean cloth instead. Just tie it around your bruise.
4. An Egg and Silver
An old method to heal bruises, passed from generation to generation, is using a boiled egg and a silver coin or spoon. It is effective especially if you deal with a black eye, which is also a kind of bruise.