Feeling a disturbing kind of pain, which sets up the fear and anxiety associated with dentists’ chairs? It is probably a cavity, caused by the tooth decay which has surprised you unpleasantly.
However, there is no need to panic. Contemporary studies show that there are more and more non-invasion methods of treating cavities, many of which can be practiced at home. The following article will teach how to take care about your teeth and avoid both expenses and stress connected with visits to the dentists.
The Cause of Tooth Decay
In order to get the nature of the case, it is important to understand the reasons staying behind this unpleasant ailment. The cavities occurrence is a resultant of inadequate dental hygiene and a lack of essential minerals in the diet.
Whenever you feel an aching, flaming pain, be aware that it is time to react. Either relying on professional, medical treatment or fighting the affliction using the more and more popular natural methods, some action must be taken to prevent your teeth from serious infections.
How to Recognize Cavities?
As in many other life situations, the sooner you will discover the potential cavity, the better for you. Found quickly enough, gives high chance of avoiding painful medical treatment. A red light should appear in your mind, when you have one or more of the following symptoms:
- Toothache or tooth sensitivity: You might also feel mild-to-sharp pain when eating hot and cold meals or sweets.
- Feeling pain when biting down.
- Discovering dark colored pits or holes on your teeth.
- Teeth may break or chip and expose a dark inner surface.
- Facing bad breath or taste in your mouth, which is intensified after eating meals
Have in mind, though, that some of the cavities may not be visible to a naked eye and they can be identified only through x-rays ultrasound or fluorescent lighting. That is why it’s important to visit the dentist in a regular time period (twice a year is the best)
Seeking Dental Treatment
If you are facing one of the abovementioned symptoms and decided to use dentist help, here are the possible scenarios of how your treatment would look like:
Possible Scenarios of Medical Treatment of Cavities
Getting a Fluoride Treatment
Used in the early stages of cavities, helps the teeth restore themselves by remineralizing the tooth surface. It consists of gel varnish, liquid solution or foam fluoride, used to coat the teeth and strengthen the tooth’s enamel.
It is an instant way of treatment, as it usually takes the dentist about 3 minutes to apply the fluoride. Just be careful not to swallow the fluoride during the treatment.
Getting a Filling
Fillings, also known as restoration treatments, are used when the tooth decay develops further into the enamel and gets a permanent character. By using a laser or a drill, the dentist removes the cavity and fills the holes using tooth-colored materials (porcelain or silver amalgam).
In some cases the dentist will decide to devote two appointments for the filling, however this method is still one of the simplest and quickest ones.
Getting a Crown
No, unfortunately not the Queen’s of England. However this one might be equally appreciated, if you have some more serious condition. If your tooth decay became particularly extensive, the dentists will suggest you a tooth-like material attached to metal, which will be carried on either up to 3 months or permanently.
While preparing a crown, the dentist will use a drill to remove the decayed part of your tooth and take a mold of your teeth. Afterwards, he will prepare a cast and compare it with your teeth to recreate the exact shape and bite of your natural tooth. Filling are usually made of porcelain, zirconium or even gold.
When everything is ok, the crown will be applied with the use of cement. Note, that because of all these steps, crowns take more than one appointment.
Root Canal Treatment
When the cavities penetrated deep into the tooth’s pulp, it’s inside is decayed, infected or even dead, root canal is often the only option. However don’t worry, as the contemporary medicine is vested with such tools, that you won’t notice the difference between canal treatment and standard fluoride or filling treatment.
The only big difference will be time, as it usually takes several visits, during which the dentist makes an incision near the top of the tooth, and removes the decaying pulp from the chambers and canals inside the tooth. Then the tooth will be refilled with a material resembling rubber and sealing paste.
Sometimes a tooth after the root canal will also need to be additionally covered with a crown, so that it will prevent it from re-fracturing.
Extraction of the Tooth
This is the ultimate solution in cases the tooth cannot be saved. You have to be prepared for the potential extraction when your teeth are so badly damaged, that they cannot be saved using any other methods.