The Lower Back Pain is rather widespread malaise. It is very popular among the people over 50 years old, however, one can face such discomfort being in one’s thirties or even as a child. The reason for such a frequent occurrence of the lower back pain is that it can be caused by various activities.
The present article is focused on the conditions, which may lead to the lower back pain, as well as on the ways it can be treated medically and with the help of home remedies. Certainly, the article also provides you with necessary tips, which will help you to avoid this unpleasant sensation.
Lower Back Anatomy
In order to comprehend the various processes which may lead to the lower back pain, it will be useful to look briefly at the construction of this part of the body.
Lower Back Tissues
The pain can occur as a result of the processes, which are taking place in the following tissues of the lumbar region: vertebra (which is also referred to as the bony lumbar spine), discs, ligaments, nerves and a spinal cord. The condition of the lumbar region can also be influenced by the abdomen and pelvis, as well as by the skin, which covers the lumbar region of one’s back.
The vertebrae, made from a bony tissue, create together a special structure, which enable moving and, at the same time, protects the spinal cord. Meanwhile the vertebra have such essential functions, they need to be protected themselves from the constant impact of different forces. This is possible, since vertebra have special discs made of two main components: nucleus pulposus (a soft tissue of the internal part of the central part of the disc) and annulus fibrosus (the firm tissue, which surrounds the disc).
The function of ligaments is to adjust bones firmly to other bones, thus, they connect the vertebra with each other. The stimulation of the muscles of the lower extremities and the back is possible due to the nerves.
The lumbar region of the human’s body also comprise blood vessels, the aorta, kidneys, uterus and ovaries (in women) and the prostate gland (in men). The involuntary nervous system controls bowel and bladder.
Any kind of malaise occurring in the lumbar area entails the decrease of the quality of our daily life, since this part of our bodies has a number of vital functions. The most important tasks of the lower back are the movement of the body and lower extremities as well as the structural support. In addition to it, internal body tissues are protected by the lumbar area.
Symptoms of Lower Back Pain
The most important symptom of any disease, developing in the lumbar region, is undoubtedly, pain. Nonetheless, the pain in the lower back can be differentiated by the sensation and the durance. Moreover, unpleasant feeling can also happen in different parts of a day.
The pain in the lumbar region is usually acute with a sensation of shooting. It normally occurs in one half of a body, predominantly in the back; however, it can also spread on one leg and even on a foot. It is recommendable to visit a doctor in case of sensing such a kind of discomfort providing it doesn’t end within 72 hours. It is especially advisable to turn to medical workers if this pain starts after any kind of injury.
You should also bear it in mind, that these symptoms are not exclusive. Sometimes people are sensing numbness in their lower extremities or pain while urinating or coughing.
Remember, that the uncured lower back pain may lead to extremely troublesome consequences, such as the incapability of making certain movements, an increasing sensation of pain, the loss of weight, unusual weakness in the legs or even bladder and bowler incontinence.
Causes of Lower Back Pain
There are many conditions, which may cause lower back pain.
One group of these factors are various injuries. Certainly, reading the word “injuries”, we are normally thinking of physical traumas as a result of mechanical pressure. This is true in the case of lower back pain, although not limited to such a kind of traumas.
One can sense pain in the lower back as a result of having incorrect posture, doing a sedentary job for long hours or being “a weekend hero”, a sportsman who prefer setting records at the gym once a week rather than practicing regularly without excessive workout. Nonetheless, those, who do not exercise at all are also in the risk group.
Undoubtedly, lifting heavy objects is also a rather popular activity leading to the malaise in the lumbar region. Even your bag can be a culprit.
The activities described above cause injuries in the lumbar area of two different types. The first one is the injury of muscles, usually strains, whereas the second one is the development of such a posture of two neighbouring vertebra, in which the disc between them becomes deformed. Because of this deformation, the disk can’t be a “cushion” for the vertebra anymore. The position of the vertebra changes and they irritate the sciatic nerve, causing unpleasant sensations.
Many people over 50 years old are sensing the discomfort in the lower back because the tissues there, as well as in an entire human body, are aging and weakening. Unfortunately, there is also a great deal of factors apart injuries, which can develop the lower back pain in young people.
Different problems with kidneys, for example infections or stones can cause lower back pain. Haematomas, ovarian cysts, endometriosis and tumours are also the factors increasing the chances of the diseases in the lumbar region.
In addition to these conditions, there are several relatively rare illnesses with a symptom of lower back pain. Piriformis syndrome, fibromyalgia, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliac joint dysfunction, spinal tumour, coccodynia and infections (for instance, shingles, an acute infection caused by the activity of herpes zoster) are among them. There are also rare occasions, when a child’s lower back can be affected even by such an easily curable infection as chickenpox.
Medical Treatment of Lower Back Pain
It is strongly advised not to ignore lower back pain, especially in those cases, when it occurred after an injury or has already been lasting for 72 hours. The pain, which doesn’t stop within three months, is considered to be chronic.
The diagnosis of the pain in the lumbar area depends on the intense of the sensation and its duration. Provided that a patient has other illness apart from the pain in the lower back, the diagnosis and the treatment of this person will differ.
A doctor will carry out a complete review of all possible symptoms, their duration and progression. In addition to it, a doctor should evaluate the abdomen and extremities. In case, one’s malaise is advanced, it may be necessary to perform an examination of blood, urine, the rectum and pelvic.
The further diagnosis includes bone scanning, CAT (computerized axial tomography) scanning, plain film X-ray tests, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanning, as well as the methods for nerve examinations, such as EMG (electromyograms) and NCV (nerve conduction velocities).
The medical treatment, which the majority of doctor will propose you, comprise rest, medications (usually painkillers, muscle-strainers and anti-inflammation drugs, for instance acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, ketorolac, epidural steroid injections) and cold or warm compresses. The most advanced cases of the lower back pain will need different levels of surgical involvement, for instance, laminectomy or microdiscectomy.
Nonetheless, many people consider the acupuncture method to be a very useful remedy for the lower back pain. This belief has been actually proved by multiple positive histories of healing.
Some doctors may also perform chiropractic manipulation, which can be beneficial only in particular cases of the lower back pain.
Home Remedies of Lower Back Pain
Fortunately, there is a great deal of effective methods, which can be used for curing the lower back pain at home, including special solutions for internal and pastes for external use. Let’s look through the most popular home remedies used for curing this malaise.
In case your pain is not so acute, it is advisable to do exercises. You may find yoga exercises particularly effective, since there is a great deal of movements, which strain and strengthen the muscles in your back.
You can relieve your lower back pain by doing cold compresses with ice cubes, since a low temperature prevents the affected nerves from sending signals to the brain, causing pain. Nevertheless, you should try to heal the wound in your back rather than use only pain-relieving methods.
You can use one of the recipes for balms or internal cures used for healing the lower back pain.
Homemade Lotions for Healing Massage
The Balm of Three Oils
For example, you can prepare a special mixture of oils for lessening your pain. The mixture consists of 2 table spoons of sesame oil, 2 table spoons of mustard oil, 3 table spoons of coconut oil and garlic cloves (from 8 to 10).
The cloves should be washed and mashed. Then you need to mix it with mustard oil, coconut oil and sesame oil. It is advisable to leave the mixture for nearly 10 minutes in order to let the oil mix with all the substances from the garlic extract.
When the time is over, you can apply the solution on the part of the body needing healing. The oil should be massaged gently for approximately 3 minutes 2-3 times per day. This process is particularly helpful for getting rid of the acute lower back pain.
Without a shadow of a doubt, honey is one of the most healthy organic substance, full of vitamins, minerals and natural phytohormones. It is widely used for curing various illnesses, both internally and externally.
Nonetheless, not everyone knows that apart from its moisturising and regenerative features, honey can also help to get rid from different kinds of pain. The lower back pain is one of them.
It is recommended to use natural manuka honey for remedies, since it is considered to be one of the most natural kinds of honey available on the market. You will make do with 3 table spoons of this honey for one massage session. The honey need to be heated for approximately 20 seconds (it will be easier to use microwave oven for this purpose).
After the honey is warmed, you can apply it on the lower part of your back. The massage can last up to 2 minutes and should be repeated until the pain stops. Remember to clean your skin from the honey when the massage is over.
You can increase the effectiveness of honey by adding turmeric to it. Turmeric is featured with strong antiseptic and pain relieving activity.
Try to make turmeric paste in order to alleviate the lower back pain. You should put two table spoons of milk into a bowl and add one table spoon of honey and two table spoons of turmeric to the milk. Then you will need to mix the ingredients in order to get the consistency of thick paste.
When the paste is ready you should apply it on your back and leave it for at least 1 hour. The procedure can be repeated twice a day until the pain stops.
Eucalyptus oil also proves to be an effective remedy used for healing the lower back pain. All you need is to apply from 7 to 8 drops of this oil on the affected area of your back and ask someone to perform a gentle massage with sturdy strokes. This massage should be repeated every two days.
The Paste of Milk and Cabbage
The paste of milk and cabbage can be done in quite an easy way, although the effects of applying it can be very positive. You will sense noticeable relief of the lower back pain, since cabbage has strong anti-inflammatory properties, combined with rich contents of vitamins and minerals. Milk proves to be a perfect base for the healing paste, as it has a great amount of calcium, which is absolutely necessary for the health of bones.
In order to make the paste, you need to boil 8 cabbage leaves with 4 cups of milk. This mixture should be blended in order to gain the consistency of paste. The paste should be applied on the lower back.
Repeat the procedure several times a day and you will get rid of the lower back pain.
Internal Curing for Lower Back Pain
There is a great deal of home remedies, which can help you to get rid of the lower back pain. Let’s look through the most popular recipes for healing mixtures used for the lower back pain.
The Powder of Peppercorns and Ginger
Since ginger is one of the best anti-inflammatory substances, it can be used effectively for curing the lower back pain. You can make a special “hot” mixture of garlic cloves, peppercorns and ginger, which should be added to other drinks, for instance, tea.
The mixture appropriate for one cup of tea should comprise 5 garlic cloves, two table spoons of dry ginger powder and 5 peppercorns. The mixture can be added to your tea. Such a drink should be consumed twice a day.
The Tea with Ginger
You can also prepare tea with fresh ginger slices. Take 1 cup of water and boil it. Add 3 slices of fresh ginger and keep the water boiling with the slices for 10 minutes.
Now you need to add 2 cups of milk to the boiling water and keep it simmering for additional 5 minutes.
Such tea should be drunk up to 4 times a day until the lower back pain stops.
Those, who like the taste of basil leaves, will be pleased to learn that basil is widely used as a home remedy for healing the lower back pain.
You can prepare a yummy drink by boiling 12 to 15 basil leaves in fresh water (approximately, in a 1,5 cup). You can add a half of a tablespoon of sugar into your tea. Drink it twice a day and you will get rid of the lower back pain.
There is another recipe of a tasty drink, which you can use for curing your lower back pain. All you need is to dissolve one tablespoon of honey in one cup of warm water (the water can’t be hot, since a high temperature will damage vitamins and phytohormones). You can drink this remedy twice a day.
There is good news for those, who enjoy drinking chamomile tea. Not only does chamomile help with stomach problems or insomnia, but it also cures wounds, both internal and external. Thus, you can sufficiently decrease your lower back pain by drinking chamomile tea twice a day.
Make special chamomile tea, by stirring chamomile leaves in hot water. You can use 1 table spoon of leaves for one cup. You can also add milk into your tea in order to make it even more beneficial for your health.
Milk and Wheat Mixture
You can also consume milk as an ingredient of a highly nutritious mixture with wheat, khus-khus and the seeds of coriander. Take a half of a table spoon of khus-khus and the same amount of coriander seeds. Add a table spoon of wheat. Add a half of a cup of milk to the dry ingredients. This mixture should be left for several hours (you can leave it for a night).
Now you need to boil your mixture and eat it twice a day in order to get rid of your lower back pain.
Milk with Turmeric
You have already learnt about two effective remedies for the lower back pain, which are milk and turmeric. You can use these substances together in order to increase their pain-relieving activity.
Adding one tablespoon of turmeric into a cup of warm milk will be enough to make it even more beneficial for your health. Consuming such a drink on a regular basis will cure your back and help you to avoid some other illnesses.
You can also benefit from consuming turmeric tea, which can be made of turmeric powder. You will need to add a tablespoon of turmeric powder into a cup of warm water. Such a mixture should be drunk twice a day in order to relieve the lower back pain.
Prophylaxis of Lower Back Pain
It can be difficult to avoid pain in the lower back pain sometimes, especially if you are over 50 years old. Moreover, even the most careful person can get injured anytime.
Nonetheless, there are several simple tips, which can help you to prolong your health.
First of all, change your diet in such a way, that it will be rich in minerals, especially calcium, which is an essential part of our bones. It is also important to consume substances, which will revitalise your cartilages, for instance collagen. chondroitin and glucosamine. Therefore, you need to eat more dairy products, fish, meat and products containing gelatine.
It is also recommendable to decrease the consumption of white bread made of wheat, as well as sweet products containing sugar, since sugar prevents our organisms from absorbing calcium, making our bones weak.
Second of all, it will be very beneficial for you to exercise regularly. Providing that your work is sedentary, try to stand up whenever you can. In case your work demands lifting heavy things, you should learn to put the weight of the objects you are lifting on your legs rather than your back.
It is absolutely reckless to work hard at a gym in case you do not do it regularly. Remember, that such an activity will do you more harm than good. Your workout should be systematic, thus, you will avoid many possible injuries.
As it has already been said, yoga is a perfect kind of sport for those, who would like to have a healthy back.
Finally, pay attention on your posture. Remember, that the health of your back, which is actually the heath of your entire body, starts with your posture.